Conrad Hall Construction Update

14 05 2014

As previously mentioned on this blog, the HVAC system in Conrad Hall will be upgraded this summer.  The MSU Archives will be moving our collections from Conrad Hall in order to accommodate this construction.  This will greatly impact our ability to provide access to our collections.  Tentatively, we plan to remain open, however, we may need to have periodic closings or hours by appointment only.  If you plan to visit the MSU Archives this summer to do research please let us know ahead of time so we can try to accommodate.  We will need at least 24 hours notice to retrieve materials starting Monday, May 19, 2014.

As soon as we have more information, we will update this blog and our website.

We apologize for any inconvenience the construction may cause.  Please contact us with any questions, comments, or concerns.  Our contact information can be found here:

Upcoming Closings

24 04 2014




The Michigan State University Archives will be closed Monday, May 5 through Friday, May 9, 2014 for our annual Spring Cleaning Week.


Additionally, from May through August, the HVAC system in Conrad Hall will be updated.  This will require the University Archives to be closed sporadically  throughout the summer.   Unfortunately, at this time we do not know exactly when or for how long we will need to close.  If you plan to visit the MSU Archives this summer to do research please let us know ahead of time so we can try to accommodate.    As soon as we have more information, we will update this blog and our website.

We apologize for any inconvenience these closings may cause.  Please contact us with any questions, comments, or concerns.  Our contact information can be found here:

MSU Film and Video Preservation Fund

1 04 2014

Are we losing our campus history?



Stacks of films in the MSU Archives

The Michigan State University Archives & Historical Collections have hundreds of film reels and videotapes documenting Spartan football, basketball and other sports from the 1930s to the 1990s, when digital cameras took over. Almost exclusively the film is 16mm, with a mixture of color, black & white, audio & no audio. The video comes in a variety of formats, with the majority being VHS, ¾”, 1”, Betacam and DVCAM.

A sample of video tape formats in the MSU Archives

A sample of video tape formats in the MSU Archives


This film and video collection is vulnerable to degradation of its media, and must be restored and digitized soon – before the content is lost. Our plan is to put this important digitized film and video online along with complementary materials to showcase the people and events.


The film and video collection also includes valuable footage that documents the history of the Spartan Marching Band, WKAR Productions, MSU International Programs, and 4H and Cooperative Extension events. Together, the materials document the special place of MSU sports, music, and youth development to Michigan life and culture. Some highlights of the collection include: White House Christmas (1954), REO clubhouse films, State High School Basketball Finals (1949), MSU Commencements, “This is the Big Ten” (1965), MSU Marching band (1939-1980s), Alumni reunions, and Recitals. Samples of digitized materials can be found on our Spartan History website, .


The University Archives holds a number of film reels documenting MSU’s involvement in Vietnam in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Dr. Charles Keith, professor of history, finds this material an invaluable resource. “The archives of MSU’s projects in Vietnam are a valuable piece of the history of the university’s engagement with the world.  As controversies over the Vietnam War fade, these archives remain a crucial source for understanding the situation in South Vietnam in the early years of the Cold War, and how the university envisioned and carried out global engagement in this complex political and cultural moment.  For me, this collection has been a priceless resource both to pursue my own research in Vietnamese history and to better understand the history of my own institution.”


Close up of Spartan Football films

Close up of Spartan Football films

You can help preserve these important pieces of Spartan history with a gift to the MSU Film and Video Preservation Fund! A gift of $50, $100, or $500 will greatly assist our digitization efforts. Your help will not only prevent the loss of these deteriorating materials but bring new life to these resources by providing access to researchers and others to enjoy. These materials contain valuable visual glimpses into our past! DVD copies will also be available for purchase as another way to help fund the program.


Join the team and help save these priceless Spartan memories!


To help preserve this history:

An archivist views a film from the MSU Archives' collections

An archivist views a film from the MSU Archives’ collections












Written by Ed Busch, Electronic Records Archivist

Greek Life at MSU

17 03 2014

Student groups and organizations have always been a part of the MSU’s history. Literary societies, activism groups and even squirrel watching clubs have shaped student life at the University since its beginning. MSU has also been home to one of the most iconic collegiate groups that has spurred on movies, books and television series, Greek Life.

Greek Life started at M.A.C in 1872 with the establishment of Delta Tau Delta. They were followed by Phi Delta Theta in 1873. However in 1896 the faculty banned national Greek organizations from forming at the College. Phi Delta Theta chose to be recognized as a local organization by changing their name to the Phi Delta Society. Due to the ban, many non-Greek societies began to form. The Union Literary Society, the Hesperian Literary Society and the Excelsior Society were among them.  In 1891 the first all-women’s group, the Feronian Society, was established. They were founded just five years before the creation of the Women’s Program in 1896. Academic and literary societies sought not only to have a forum for intelligent conversations, but also to plan and attend extravagant events and balls.

Members of the Phi Delta Society in the 1920 Wolverine Yearbook

Literary Societies also sought off campus housing, at the exclusivity of their members. However President Snyder was great proponent of the collegiate dormitory system and found this idea to be elitist and unnecessary. In 1905 the College did not have enough living spaces to accommodate all of its students. The faculty relented and allowed the Hesperian Society and the Colombian Society to buy its own meeting houses off campus.


The Trimoira Literary Society established at M.S.C in 1913

The 1920s gave way to an increase in students attending M.A.C and the lack of housing led faculty to allow off campus housing for more society members. In 1921 the ban on national Greek organizations was lifted and the first organizations to be established were the Alpha Gamma Delta and Alpha Phi Sororities. Alpha Phi was created by members of the Feronian Society.  Following them were the Forensic Society, who became Lambda Chi Alpha and the agriculturally based fraternity, Alpha Gamma Rho.

Members of Alpha Phi in 1925

Throughout the 1920s more and more literary societies became affiliated with national Greek organizations. The Aurorean Literary Society became Delta Sigma Phi Fraternity in 1923. Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity was forged from the Dorian Literary Society in 1924. In 1925 the Orphic Literary Society became Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity. From then on Greek life grew and became an integral part of MSU student life.

Competition has always been an important aspect of Greek Life. Chapters held Tug of War across the Red Cedar River, Chess Tournaments in local houses, as well as academic achievement contests throughout the school year. In 1930 Sigma Kappa Sorority won an exciting victory for overall best GPA on campus. They narrowly defeated the previous year’s winner, Alpha Chi Omega.

During the 1940s, World War II led to an overall decline in male enrollment at M.S.C. Fraternity houses were used to lodge coeds, due to a lack of women’s housing. Houses were also used by the Army and local R.O.T.C chapters. After the War, the G.I Bill allowed more and more students to attend college and Greek Life at M.S.C once again became a popular student activity.

In 1948 the first African American fraternity at the college was established by the brothers of Alpha Phi Alpha. They were committed to philanthropic service to all mankind and to the advancement of interracial groups at the college. The first African American sorority at M.S.C. was Alpha Kappa Alpha. They were established in 1954 and engaged in such as activities as reading to the blind and giving campus tours. Today MSU proudly hosts all nine historically African American Greek organizations on its campus.

Members of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity in the 1950s

In the 1950s Greek life continued to expand. In 1959 the count was up to 20 nationally recognized sororities and 34 fraternities. All of these organizations participated in campus wide events such as Spartacade, Greek Sing, Water Carnival, Greek Week and Homecoming festivities. One fall, the Kappa Sigma fraternity bought a World War II era plane from a local bar owner for $40. They set it up outside of their house so that it appeared to have crashed into the side of their house. They placed a dummy inside and splattered the whole thing in ketchup for dramatic effect. A sign beside it read “He rushed Kappa Sigma but didn’t quite make it!”

1957 photo of Winter Carnival Float created by Alpha Omicron Pi and Theta Chi

1951 outdoor homecoming display of William and Mary’s execution on the lawn of Phi Delta Theta.

Greek Life saw its decline in the 1970s. Campus dorm life became less restrictive and the traditions of fraternity and sorority members seemed to be out of date. Many chapters closed due to lack of membership; including Alpha Omicron Pi in 1972 (the chapter was re-established in 1989).

In more recent years Greek life at MSU has seen a steady increase with recruitment and rush numbers moving well into the thousands. In November of 2013, 141 years after the first fraternity established at MSU, the Panhellenic Council, Interfraternity Council, National Pan-Hellenic Council and Multicultural Greek Council became recognized by the University.

Photo courtesy of MSU GreekLife: Representatives from Panhellenic Council and Interfraterity Council pose with President Simon and others at the recognizing of Greek Life by the University.


Michigan State University Archives, “African American Presence at MSU; Historic Firsts.” Accessed March 12, 2014.

Michigan State University Greek Life, “MSU Greek Life: History and Future.” Last modified January 01, 2014. Accessed March 14, 2014.

The 1959 Wolverine Yearbook, Michigan State University.

Thomas, David A. Michigan State College: John Hannah and the Creation of a World University. 1926-1969. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2008.

Widder, Keith R. Michigan Agricultural College: The Evolution of a Land-Grant Philosophy, 1855-1925. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2005.

Written By Caroline Voisine

Scrapbook History: Donna Moran

21 02 2014

Think about life at MSU in the early 1950s. Is it easy to picture? Unless you are an avid historian it might be harder than you think. While scrapbooks may not tell us the entire story they certainly give us a wonderful glimpse into the past. Donna Moran was a student at Michigan State College from 1949-1954. She kept a detailed scrapbook of her freshman year as a co-ed at MSC.

Taken from the 1953 Wolverine yearbook. Donna is pictured with her hands on the pianist.

Taken from the 1953 Wolverine yearbook. Donna is pictured with her hands on the pianist.

Originally from Detroit, Donna was an avid theater goer and kept many programs from shows she attended on campus. She witnessed the Ballet Russe, University Concert Series and many other shows during her freshman year. Dances were especially popular during her time at MSC. She kept track of many of the dances she attended, who her dates were, and even the names of other couples she attended with.

Although Donna lived in the newly completed Elida Yakeley Women’s Dormitory, MSC was struggling to keep up with student housing needs. With too many students and not enough campus dormitories during the post World War II boom, MSC had to install temporary structures to accommodate them.  A campus map from 1949, found in Moran’s scrapbook shows the barrack-like Quonset Village in the bottom left hand corner.

MSC campus map, 1949

MSC campus map, 1949

Without the use of cellphones, most dorms and dorm rooms had their own land line phone to be shared.  To keep track of who was calling them and for what reason, Moran and her roommates kept a comprehensive record of their messages. Donna preserved this record in her scrapbook.

Donna's telephone list

Donna’s telephone list

Like many women in the early 1950s, Donna graduated with a degree in Education. Although there were women enrolled in almost every program at MSC during this period, the two most popular subjects for co-eds were Home Economics and Education.

Life at MSU over 60 years ago would have been quite different than it is today. Although many traditions and practices remain the same, clothes, activities, and even communication on campus would be unrecognizable to freshman classes in 2014.  Through Donna Moran’s scrapbook she allows us to take a small peek into her life at MSC in 1949.

Moran and her friends share some fun in East Yakeley Hall.

Moran and her friends share some fun in East Yakeley Hall.

Source: Donna Moran papers, UA 10.3.120, Scrapbook #317

Written by Caroline Voisine

MSU Archives Year in Review 2013

30 12 2013

The year is nearly at its end and, like many others, we’re in a reflective mood here at the Archives.  As such, we’d like to share some of our accomplishments and highlights of 2013.

First, we would like to thank our gracious donors!  We’ve received fantastic collections this year, as well as monetary donations, which help us better care for our materials.  Staff have arranged and described over 300 cubic feet of materials, on topics such as Lansing politics, the home video industry, nuclear testing, and international students at MSU.

Great strides have been made to increase the accessibility of our collections.  Over 1000 catalog records have been uploaded and/or updated in WorldCat, a global catalog of library collections.  Descriptions of over 2500 MSU Archives’ collections are also available through ArchiveGrid.  Collection guides on topics such as the American Civil War, and both World Wars, have been updated to better aid researchers.  Additionally, finding aids for nearly all of our collections are available online and are keyword searchable through a Google search box on our website.

Amazing progress has also been made to digitize our holdings and make them available online.  We have added 300 letters and photographs to our Civil War website and 4300 pages of letters have been digitized.  The website continues to be a popular resource for users throughout the United States.  Our National Endowment for the Humanities grant funded Vietnam Project Archive is progressing on schedule.  This year, nearly 30,000 pages have been digitized.  In the future, these documents will be available online, providing easy access to a significant resource to researchers worldwide.   There are a few other, smaller scale, digitization projects we have completed for our On the Banks of the Red Cedar website,  including MSU commencement programs from 1862 through 1962, Beside the Winding Cedar, and The Eagle.

Throughout the year MSU archivists have engaged the community in a variety of ways.  We have conducted two tours, hosted eight classes for introduction to archives sessions, wrote articles for the MSU Alumni magazine and the Insight newsletter, and created fun exhibits about MSU history in Conrad Hall.  We participated in many fantastic events, such as Autumn Fest, the Great Dairy Adventure, Grandparents University, and Alumni LENS.

Disaster struck in August, when heavy rains caused a water leak in Conrad Hall.  Thanks to a combination of disaster training, environmental monitoring, communication, and teamwork, we were able to quickly contain the situation.  Best of all, no archival materials were destroyed by the flood.

Finally, we have seen rapid growth in the number of people following us on Facebook and Twitter, as well as an increase in traffic on Flickr, our websites, and this blog.  Thank you to all who took the time to read our posts, view our photos, and share them with friends and family.  We appreciate all of the interesting questions and comments, and hope that you all continue to interact with us via social media in the coming year!

Spartan Rose Bowl History

11 12 2013

The 1954 Rose Bowl

The 1953-54 Michigan State College (M.S.C.) football season would prove to be an impressive Big Ten debut from the newly inducted Mid-Michigan team. Fighting through the regular season with only one loss to Purdue, the Michigan State Spartans were sure to show the Big Ten their worth in the conference. The Spartans’ successes led them to the 1954 Rose Bowl versus the University of California, Los Angeles Bruins in the first ever meeting between the two schools and first ever Rose Bowl appearance for the Spartans. Playing with the highest number of African Americans than any other Big Ten team, Coach “Biggie” Munn was eager to show Southern California his team’s Midwestern inclusiveness, granting press from all regions equal access to Spartan practices, allowing M.S.C. fans to meet the team in the days leading up to the game, and even saving Californians from a hotel fire! It was a beautiful day for a football game with clear skies and comfortable 70 degree weather. The Spartans were set to face off against the Bruins in the nation’s first broadcast program in color.

The Spartans started the game on the wrong leg, fumbling twice and throwing an interception and allowing U.C.L.A. to score 14 points. Only completing one pass and producing 56 yards of offense in the first half, compared to U.C.L.A.’s 154 yards, Michigan State sympathizers felt as if their roses were wilting. But with 4:45 remaining in the first half the tides turned. Spartan Ellis Duckett blocked and returned a punt for a touchdown giving his team the first points of the game. Duckett’s feat marked the first punt ever blocked under U.C.L.A.’s head coach Red Sanders and a major turning point for the Spartan squad. The green and white went into half-time hoping to monopolize on their momentum.

Munn approached the second half planning to utilize his weapons on offense better. Focusing on the productivity of his famous “Pony Backfield”, named for their atypically small four tailbacks averaging a mere 172 pounds each, Munn emphasized his team’s rushing abilities. Observing from film that U.CImage.L.A. was “likely to give up the 8, 4, and 5 hole”[1] he called a successful 14 straight run plays, each of which gained positive yardage. The 78-yard drive to the endzone concluded with a 1-yard run from LeRoy Bolden and a successful extra point conversion from kicker/fullback Evan Slonac, tying the game 14-14. Tacking on another seven points, and facing the Bruins with 21 unanswered points, was a 73-yard march down the field ending in a 2-yard touchdown run by Billy Wells. The Bruins recovered another Spartan fumble and scored to make the score 21-20. But their extra point kick failed. In response to U.C.L.A.’s attempts to compete, Billy Wells of Michigan State returned a punt 62 yards for a touchdown with 4:51 left in the game, at the time, setting a Rose Bowl record for the longest punt recovery in bowl history. Wells’ trip to the endzone concluded the Spartans’ scoring and silenced U.C.L.A. with the game ending in a 28-20 score with Michigan State College the victors.

It was a team effort that day in Pasadena with 32 of the 44 of the Spartan football team seeing the field. The freshman Big Ten team was received warmly by national media. Bob Hunter of the Los Angeles Examiner reflects, “Never was anything crammed with more heart and hustle than those little green-shirted guys from Lansing, the newest dot on the Big Ten map.” Coach Biggie Munn was elated saying, “I’ve never been so proud of a game in my life. There are tears in my eyes, but I can’t help it.”[2] Michigan State College came away from the game crowned as the National Champions with tailback Billy Wells receiving the honors of the Rose Bowl Player of the Game. While this was Munn’s last year as head coach, Wells’ last year as a running back at M.S.C. (he goes on to be a lead rusher for the Steelers and Redskins, setting records that still stand at Washington), and Ralph Young’s last year as Athletic Director it also was the birth of a new Big Ten legacy, Duffy Daughtery’s head coaching career, and another Rose Bowl appearance soon to come.


The 1956 Rose Bowl

Spartan Rose Bowl hopefuls only had to wait two years to be in Pasadena yet again. This time around would prove to be even more exciting. The stage was set for another great game – U.C.L.A., the defending national champions, entered the game on the 2nd of January undefeated. Michigan State looked almost as daunting of an opponent, recording only one loss to its rival University of Michigan. Coach Daugherty was worried about the outcome of the game; his roster riddled with injury, facing a single-wing offense that revealed all of his defense’s weaknesses, and parading his new plays for the Rose Bowl in front of the press, he had genuine reason for concern. It would turn out to be quite the competition with the Spartans’ proximity to Los Angeles inspiring a Hollywood-esque ending to their ultimate victory over the Bruins.

It was also a historic game. Both teams had two of the most integrated teams in all of college athletics. It was the same year when African American player Bobby Grier was almost not allowed to compete in the Sugar Bowl in Georgia. Questions of race were being highlighted all around the country, one month before the Rose Bowl of 1956 in fact, was when Rosa Parks refused to move to the back of the bus in Montgomery. All of these factors combined to make the 42nd Rose Bowl one of the most watched bowl games in American history, with 41.1% of Americans owning televisions tuning in to watch the match as well as “the largest peace-time, non-military point-to-point mass movement by train in history.”[3]


The Spartans departed from the Kellogg Center in East Lansing on December 16th to be prepared for the game. Their opening drive, however, did not reflect their weeks of preparation. The Spartans opened their offensive play by throwing an interception to the hands of U.C.L.A.’s Jim Decker. U.C.L.A. scored early on with a 2-yard rush. Converting the extra point the Bruins sat with a 7 point lead over their adversaries. It was not until halfway through the second quarter that the Spartans could muster up a response. After 11 plays Michigan State concluded their 80-yard drive with a 13-yard connection between Earl Morrall and Clarence Peaks. The game went without a score from either party during the 3rd quarter. The second play of the fourth quarter, though, ended this silence. Spartan QB Peaks threw the ball 17 yards to John Lewis who caught the ball on the 50 and took it the distance. The Spartans lead was short-lived and was met with a decisive 56-yard drive from the Bruins. Eventually, Michigan State received the opportunity to take the lead but Planutis missed his 41-yard field-goal attempt. Tensions mounting, U.C.L.A. received the ball only to be called with three straight penalties within the last few minutes of the 4th quarter. The Bruins’ punt gave the Spartans the ball at the UCLA 40-yard line. After a few more penalties on both sides, Dave Kaiser of Michigan State was called in, replacing Gerald Planutis. This was Kaiser’s third ever field goal attempt in his college career, and it was to decide the Rose Bowl. Kaiser, who left his subscription contacts in the locker room, approached the placeholder with tentative confidence. While he was warming up his leg the placeholder snapped the ball. He hopped back surprised, and in a matter of seconds, lined up, and booted the 41-yard long kick. With seven seconds remaining in the game the ball soared through the uprights and the Spartans were the victors of their second Rose Bowl appearance.

The Planitus-Kaiser substitution was so surprising that announcers and reporters initially credited the game-winning field goal to Planutis. The combination of Kaiser’s poor eyesight, lack of preparedness on field, and little practice as a kicker makes his kick a true Hollywood moment for the Spartans. Bill Corum, a distinguished sports analyst for the International News Service says, “It was as good a football game, college or pro, as a fan could wish to see. A story-book finish that even Hollywood could not have duplicated with a script.” Without a script, equipped with only talent and fate, the Spartans were honored with another national championship and Rose Bowl Player of the Game (Walt Kowalczyk). There recent successes were to end until their next trip to Pasadena in another 10 years.

The 1966 Rose Bowl

The Michigan State University Spartans came into their third meeting with the Bruins with the utmost confidence. Ranked number one in the country, boasting a defense that was mistaken for the Green Bay Packers’, undefeated, and having beaten the Bruins that same season 13-3, it was the general consensus that the Spartans would be relatively unfazed by any tricks that U.C.L.A. may have in store for them.


It was a 65 degree and sunny day. The two teams donned their equipment and readied for what was supposed to be a straightforward win for Michigan State. The undersized Bruins managed to stave off the Spartans from the endzone for the first quarter. The second quarter answered to the stalemate and gave U.C.L.A. two scores. The first was a recovery of a muffed punt that only required two plays spanning 6 yards to score 6. Then the Bruin’s head coach Tommy Prothro selected an unexpected onside kick. It worked to their favor and caught the green and white off guard with Bruin Dallas Grinder falling on the ball. With the ball in their possession U.C.L.A. managed to score again in a short 5 play drive to the big house. The 3rd quarter was another scoreless quarter in which the Spartans slowly wore down their Californian opponents. Finally, midway through the 4th quarter, Michigan State scored a touchdown on a 38-yard run but, unfortunately, failed their 2 point conversion. Receiving the ball after a defensive stop Michigan State managed another successful drive to the redzone, eventually scoring on a 1-yard run. Now trailing 14–12 the Spartans were forced to attempt another 2-point conversion. All of the fans in the stands held their breath to see if a tie was in the near future. To the dismay of all persons rooting for the Big Ten’s Spartans, Apisa was stopped short of the endzone (despite knocking one of his tacklers unconscious), marring the Spartan’s undefeated record against the Bruins.

The 1966 Rose Bowl left all of Spartan Nation with a bitter taste in their mouths. Michigan State fought back with conviction and could have tied the game if they had not gone for the two-point conversion initially. But, the plays had been called and the game decided. It was time to wait for the fall where the boys could get back on the field and try to prove themselves.

The 1988 Rose Bowl

The 1987-88 season was a prosperous one for the Spartans. Led by ex-Steelers coach George Perles, the Spartans arrived at Pasadena the best team in the Big Ten. The last Rose Bowl to be aired on NBC before their 37-year contract expired with the NCAA as well as the last appearance that Michigan State would have in the Rose Bowl until 2014 was projected to be an amazing game.

The Spartans were slated to play the University of Southern California Trojans. The Greek and Roman warriors had already met that year in their season opener that resulted in a Spartan victory, 27-13. The Trojans, equipped with weapons like Rodney Peete, were projected to win in the Rose Bowl despite the Spartan’s game opener victory. The game was a defensive marvel, with Percy Snow, the Rose Bowl Player of the Game that year, earning 17 unassisted tackles, and 4 turnovers. The first quarter contained a completed field goal from the Trojans and a Spartan response with a touchdown and a successful extra-point conversion. The Spartans maintained their lead in the second quarter after an 80-yard drive that ended in a 3-yard rushing touchdown by Lorenzo White, his second touchdown of the game. U.S.C. decreased their deficit in the 3rd quarter, finding Ken henry in the endzone.  M.S.U. widened the gap with their first field goal of the game. The score was 17-10 with the Spartans winning until Peete threw to Ken Henry for a touchdown. Henry came down with the ball in an impressive display of athleticism, bobbling it while contested by a Spartan corner. The game, now tied, proved to be more competitive than many analysts had predicted.  M.S.U. expediently completed their game-winning field goal. Given a little over 4 minutes to come back U.S.C. had time to try to come back. Peete brought his team down the field only to fumble the snap, giving Michigan State the ball so that they could run out the clock.

The Spartans earned their 3rd Rose Bowl victory in Pasadena that January. The only team to beat Ohio State, University of Michigan, and U.S.C. twice all in one season, capping it off with a Rose Bowl victory, made for an impressive year. The Spartans would not experience major bowl success for some time to come. But the time is upon East Lansing once again. This New Year’s Day the Spartans will be facing another Californian team in their fifth Rose Bowl appearance. The Spartans have impressive weapons within their coaching staff, offense, and defense and should make for a good game against Stanford University. Go Green!!


[1] f. 57 b. 131 Rose Bowl Scouting Reports on UCLA 1953

[2] AP, Des Moines Register

[3] AP, Bob Voges


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