Student Strike of 1902

21 05 2013
strike

Article from the Chicago American October 28, 1902

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Class Tug of War 1903; New event instituted after the class strike of 1902

tugofwar

One October, while Michigan Agricultural College President Snyder was away from campus, Freshmen and Sophomores met at midnight to have their annual class rivalry rush. Snyder had forbidden the rush from taking place, and threatened suspension to any participants, because of a permanent injury sustained to a student in the 1900 class rush. The faculty, after being made aware of the event, took action against some of the students. A total of 17 Freshmen and Sophomores were suspended for their actions. 28 more received notices of action being taken against them, pending a decision from the faculty. These students were served with suspension notices, varying from 1-3 years, and were told to be off campus by 5pm. Students were outraged and called for a student meeting. All class levels were represented as a decision to boycott classes until the suspended students were reinstated was made. Classes were cancelled on the campus due to lack of attendance by students. Even women, who were not part of the class rush, took a stand and refused to attend classes in support of the student body. Faculty threatened that all missed classes would have to be made up or students would receive zeros. President Snyder held firm in his position saying that class rivalry is fine, but that there needed to be a less dangerous, more athletic way of doing it. He also defended the faculty action of giving some students more than 1 years suspension based on their behavior prior to this incident. Newspapers all over the state got wind of the strike, causing many parents to remove their children from school in order to “keep them out of trouble.” The strike ultimately lasted for three days. It ended when President Snyder made the decision to refer the suspended students to a committee of chosen faculty for review and a “revised” and safer class rush event.fountain

For more information about Class Rivalry at MSU, see: http://msuarchives.wordpress.com/2010/03/25/class-rivalry-posters-on-flickr/





Pranks, Shenanigans, and Rule Breakers

27 03 2012

Rules.

A word typically dreaded by students everywhere. In today’s times, a student has a set of guidelines to follow of course, but we all know that rules are broken. In the earlier days of MAC, the college expected students to follow its rules and to behave in responsible ways that contributed to the well-being of the college community. Although living away from the over cautious watchful eyes of their parents, the college administration still tried to maintain a strict order and control over the student’s activities. However alcohol, class and organization rivalries, repressive rules (in the eyes of the students), and institutional traditions contributed to quite a rebellious student body in the early days of MSU.

ImagePranks and traditions began ever since the college opened its doors in 1857. As time progressed, these rebellious activities increased and four in particular occurred as annual shenanigans. During the 1907 Night Shirt parade, students paraded around the campus either wearing night shirts or dressing in other unsightly ways and carrying torches. They visited the faculty houses and expected them to respond with a speech. On the way back to their dormitories they smashed lights, broke windows, and vandalized doors as other students who stayed in dumped water out of their windows on the paraders down below.

The annual scrap was always looked forward to by many students.  Despite the plea of the faculty to the upper classmen to not hold the event, the happenings occurred any way. The rush or scrap was a bought between the freshman and sophomore men that intended to show which class was superior. Often times, these scraps would end with a wrestling match to see which class would come out victorious.

The J-Hop dance was another event that provoked pranks. It was a tradition every year for the sophomore class to tamper with the electrical wires to short out the electricity, leaving the back-up gasoline lamps the only means of lighting. In 1906, this prank almost got out of hand as someone else had constructed an apparatus under the Armory to produce enough hydrogen sulfide gas, in chemistry professor Frank Kedzie’s opinion, to have killed everyone in the building if the machine had been activated. In addition to these pranks, there was one more annual shenanigan that occurred every year to members of the freshman class.

“Stacking” as it was called, was one of the number of indignities that the freshman men had to endure. AsImage part of their college initiation, their rooms were “stacked”. Gordon Stuart, a student of MAC at the time described the experience: “I send you a photograph of my room as it looked one night when I came back from class. Every freshman must have his room “stacked” by the sophomores, so my turn came in due course. They climbed over the transom and literally stacked everything in one corner of the room. Every garment had at least one hard knot in it, and some of them two or three. Over a thousand stamps I had collected, which were loose in a box, were scattered over the whole room. Six packs of playing cards were also thrown in the “stack”. My tooth-brush was put in the water-pitcher and coal oil was poured over it. Nothing but the map on the wall was left in its place. The stackers hung out a sign from the window, “Stack.” Of course, every student saw the sign and came up to see how the room looked. It was past twelve o’clock that night before I got my bed down so as to sleep on it.  The “stacking” is not done with any malicious intention; only for fun and pastime”.

It was not only boys however who acted rebelliously. In January of 1903, Gertrude Peters (class of 1906) received permission to spend a night with a friend in Lansing. Well naturally, rather than staying true to her word, she had an eventful night as she committed a host of violations. Peters never had the intention of staying with her friend. Rather she went and ate dinner with a man in a restaurant, attended a sleigh ride party, went to Williamston for a dance, and went to a party, returning back to campus between seven and eight in the morning. Her actions unfortunately lost her all social privileges. Other women would also commit violations as they would often leave through the back door of the Women’s Building, or “coop” as it was commonly known as by students, and attend parties off campus at night.

With April Fools day quickly approaching, this makes me wonder what kind of crazy pranks our MSU forefathers would have been pulling….hm…

Work Cited: Widder, Keith R. Michigan Agricultural College: The Evolution of a Land Grant Philosophy, 1855-1925. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State UP, 2005. Print.





Class Rivalry Posters on Flickr

25 03 2010

Posters from the class rivalry between the freshmen and sophomores are now on our Flickr Page.  The class rivalry was a contest between the freshmen and sophomore classes intended to show which class was superior.  These contests started out as brawls.  In November 1898, the freshmen, coming out of a class meeting, were met by the sophomores who dunked them in the Class of 1883 Fountain.  The freshmen closed ranks, forming a “flying V” with the largest man at point and plowed through the sophomore ranks.  Parents complained, but MAC President Snyder, who witnessed the action, told the parents not to worry that it was not really all that serious.  However, a newspaper report said that three students were trampled and one was knocked unconscious.  As class sizes grew these battles became quite violent and participants were subject to some serious injuries.

We Want Blood Class Rivlary Poster

Class Rivalry Poster from 1912

In 1902 students were directed to not hold the annual rush.  The classes did not want to be denied the ability to participate in a campus tradition, so they went off campus to settle the matter in a “brutal and fierce” battle.  The upperclassmen intervened and convinced each side to select a few men to settle the battle with a wrestling match.  However, as a result of the breach of discipline, 17 students were suspended.  The students went on strike for several days until the administration agreed to have the State Board of Agriculture review the suspensions.

At that point Chester Brewer, director of Physical Culture stepped in.  Brewer revised the contest to be more carefully regulated.  Victory was earned through points accumulated by winning various contests.  Among the contests held were tug of war in the Red Cedar River, football game, flag rush and wrestling.

Where the old informality persisted was in the posting of insulting invitations to class rush.  When sophomores put up their insulting posters egging on the freshmen, either freshmen or juniors might intervene.  Sophomores would also chase freshmen who tried to put up their own posters.

Doomsday Class Rivalry Poster

Class Rivalry Poster from 1913

The tensions between the classes would often carry over into the next year.  When the Junior class held their annual J-Hop (Junior Hop) anonymous sophomores would attempt to disrupt the festivities. In 1904 a pig was introduced to the dance floor, and in 1909 the street car rails were greased on the hill leading up to campus.  They also shorted out the electrical wires in 1906 and only backup gasoline lamps prevented the event from being cancelled.  Someone constructed an apparatus and placed it under the Armory that could produce enough hydrogen sulfide gas to kill everyone in the building if it were activated.  The device was found before the dance and suspensions did occur because of that event.

In the fall 1908, the sophomores (Class of 1911) invited the freshmen to the first annual Barbecue to heal the wounds of conflict.  On the lawn in front of Wells Hall the sophomore president offered an over-sized carving knife to the freshman president and all shared in ox sandwiches and apple cider.  This was the beginning of the Barbecue tradition.  (This class did not have their J-Hop disrupted by the sophomore class, so perhaps the Barbecue was a good idea.)

We hope you enjoy these class rivalry posters.  They are among the staff favorites in the archives.  If you have suggestions of other materials you would like to see us put online, please let us know.





Archives at the Haunted Aud

20 10 2009

This coming weekend the student theatre group MSU S.P.A.M. (Society for Performers and Arts Managers) are hosting “Haunted Aud,” a haunted house fundraiser near the MSU Auditorium on the Fairchild Side.  The event will take place on Saturday, October 24 from 8pm-12am and Sunday, October 25 from 7pm-12am.   The cost of admission is $5 and funds will be used to send senior actors to New York City in the spring for a showcase.  Groups will be escorted through the set every 10-15 minutes.

The archives worked with S.P.A.M. to get them some information about the class rivalry, an often violent clash between the freshman and sophomore classes.   The haunted house will feature some of the class rivalry posters, which have violent and gory images used to incite the opposing class.   Archivist Portia Vescio did a brief interview for S.P.A.M talking about the class rivalry and some early hazing incidents on campus.  Parts of the interview may be featured in Haunted Aud.

Example of a Class Rivalry Poster
Example of a Class Rivalry Poster







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