Summer 2018 Digital Humanities Internship available at the MSU Archives

12 04 2018

The Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections seeks a Digital Humanities intern for May-August 2018 to work 15-20 hours per week with an hourly pay rate of $10.

The intern will be responsible for renaming and transferring digital files, and migrating metadata associated with those files from Excel spreadsheets to an Access database.  The intern will also watch digitized video and listen to audio to create succinct descriptions of the content of the files.

Time permitting, the intern may also work on other projects, such as scanning images and documents according to established archival standards, uploading content to the On the Banks of the Red Cedar website (onthebanks.msu.edu), and researching MSU history.

Minimum Requirements

  • Ability to work on a Windows platform, including the use of Microsoft Office Suite software such as Word, Excel, and Access.
  • Excellent analytical, oral, and written communication skills.
  • Strong research skills with attention to detail.
  • Well-developed interpersonal skills.
  • Ability to recognize own strengths and weaknesses and utilize constructive feedback to improve performance.
  • Ability to both work independently and proactively seek assistance.

Preferred Skills

  • Interest in the history of Michigan State University.
  • Familiarity with digital imaging software such as Photoshop.
  • Demonstrated ability to enter metadata using a content management system.
  • Experience working with archives and manuscript materials in a variety of formats.

 

MSU Students apply online: msu.joinhandshake.com/login  (Job #1461650)

For more information about the MSU Archives, please visit our website: archives.msu.edu.

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A M. A. C. Legacy, Part 2: Martin Crocker

2 04 2018

America entered into World War I on April 6, 1917 and put out the call for young men to join in the fight.  Michigan Agricultural College, later to be known as Michigan State University, answered this call with its own students who both served and contributed at home.  Of those many, three in particular stand out: the Crocker siblings. Thanks to a collection housed in the MSU Archives building and the correspondence between these three, Mary, Emory, and Martin, we are given a unique look into the life of M.A.C. students who stayed and went “over there.”

 

Photo of Martin

Yearbook photo of Martin from 1917 Wolverine

 

Martin Crocker was a member of the M. A. C. class of 1918 and Truck Company no. 6, 23 engineers during World War 1. Both he and his brother Emory left to serve and wrote their sister Mary, who stayed behind to finish school.  Unlike Emory, Mary didn’t have any letters from Martin while he was at school, either because he didn’t write or she didn’t save them. Before joining the armed forces, he was going to school to be a surveyor and asked Mary to look after his drawing tools, but there isn’t much beyond that. He did send her notes while he was in the service that add to the complexity of
understanding military life during this time.

Martin wasn’t exempt from having to deal with disease.  Like any other soldier, he received his inoculations when entering into the army, and he “got all through at 4pm, even had a uniform and a shot in the arm for typhoid and smallpox.” His opinion of military care was tepid at best. He wrote to Mary that “The hospital has two cure alls. If they can see anything on the outside, like a broken arm, they paint iodine on it. If that isn’t the matter they give you a dose of castor oil.” With diseases like measles and the Influenza epidemic running rampant through barracks and civilian homes alike, Martin’s flippant attitude towards healthcare can be understood. But the need for some kind of attempt to curb sickness was constantly apparent.  One night before shipping out to France, after Martin had been enjoying a brief leave to go into Brooklyn, he came back to find out that his entire barracks had been quarantined for diphtheria and spinal meningitis. Martin would also get word about how the other camps were fairing, including the one his brother was in: “If Emory is at Camp Merritt he is good for ten days more at least.  The camp has a measles quarantine on. The head nurse told me about it.” Martin would eventually be hospitalized with mumps, saying that his “face is swelled up like a freshman’s chest.” Earlier, Martin had been hospitalized for rheumatism, and while there, he saw that not everyone who was hospitalized made it out:

“There has been lots of excitement here lately, two fellows had pneumonia with their scarlet. One goes out of his head. I was in bed all the time he was sick so didn’t see him. One night the [sic] brot [sic] over a straight jacket in case of emergency. They called out the reserves about four in the morning and about six of the fellows put the jacket on him, but didn’t tie him down. In the morning the trousers were on the floor. He told them that they got too hot so he took them off. Imagine that? The other fellow with pneumonia died, he just got in from Ft. Leavenworth when he was sent over here, had just three weeks in the army.”

Envelope from Martin to Mary

Envelope of letter Sent from Martin to Mary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Martin’s letters of being an engineer show a very different side of military life than what Emory experienced as a gunner. Once in France, Martin began to write more about what it was like for him to be a military man, and his related experiences are relatively pleasant, especially when compared to what his brother Emory was enduring at the front. One of Martin’s experiences that Emory notes with a little bitterness is that Martin has an easier time than him with the Engineers: “Got a letter from Mart today. He tells how he has a motorcycle to ride around with and French chefs to cook for them and women to wait table [sic]. Pretty soft I would say. We eat our beans sitting on mother earth and want to go to the front to get away from taking care of horses.” There may be some doubt as to how truthful Martin’s situation is, especially since Emory was at the front and in the trenches fighting in the French mud, but Martin’s letters home show that Emory isn’t that far off concerning Martin’s situation: “It is the swellest place in the world.  There are less than a hundred soldiers and a lot of laborers (civil). We aren’t getting our meals from the army but have french cooks using stuff that can be be bought and some from the QM. So the meals are great.” Most people don’t consider a base near the front lines to be “the swellest place on earth,” but Martin seemed to be enjoying himself, nonetheless.

Being in charge of taking care of the trucks, which were still a novelty at this time, Martin enjoyed local attention when the trucks were driven from one place to another: “We make a little sensation everywhere. When we pull through a little town the people all come out and collect the kids and chickens and animals out of the road.” His interactions with the townsfolk was limited by language, but he managed to still make do.  He drank a little since “wine and beer flows like water outside of the camp, but I haven’t found any that I care about yet so haven’t had any trouble finding my pass when I get back to camp.” He also would buy goods from local vendors but was aware that they would treat soldiers differently.  After he bought his sister a watch as a graduation present, he asked his mom to find out how much is was worth in American dollars: “I think it was worth all I paid for it because I got it in a good store, the better the store the less you have to be careful about being charged the ‘OD’ prices instead [of] french prices.”

censored letter from Martin to Mary

Censored letter from Martin to Mary

Despite all of the moments that were written in amusement, there are still reminders that a war was going on.  When Martin was writing to Mary about being in a French hospital, he writes a name of either an area or city, but it is censored thoroughly.  There is a section cut out and the name of the place is eradicated with no possibility of knowing where he was. Despite the somber reminder, it is humorous considering Martin’s next sentence is “I don’t know where that is.” Now, neither will we.

 

Martin’s letters show a different, more lighthearted side of working during the war.  Balancing the darker moments with humorous oversimplifications of common wartime occurrences, he makes for a unique conveyor of his experiences and what it was like for someone in France who was not necessarily fighting, but still a crucial part in the war effort.

By: Catharine Neely

Sources:

Martin Crocker to Mary Crocker, 24 January 1918, Box FD, Folder 5, Boutell Mary Crocker Papers, collection UA 10.3.104, Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections, East Lansing, Michigan.

Martin Crocker to Mary Crocker, 9 January 1918, Box FD, Folder 5, Boutell Mary Crocker Papers, collection UA 10.3.104, Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections, East Lansing, Michigan.

Martin Crocker to Mary Crocker, 10 December 1917, Box FD, Folder 5, Boutell Mary Crocker Papers, collection UA 10.3.104, Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections, East Lansing, Michigan.

Martin Crocker to Mary Crocker, 28 December 1917, Box FD, Folder 5, Boutell Mary Crocker Papers, collection UA 10.3.104, Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections, East Lansing, Michigan.

Martin Crocker to Mary Crocker, 25 February 1918, Box FD, Folder 5, Boutell Mary Crocker Papers, collection UA 10.3.104, Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections, East Lansing, Michigan.

Martin Crocker to Mary Crocker, 26 May 1918, Box FD, Folder 6, Boutell Mary Crocker Papers, collection UA 10.3.104, Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections, East Lansing, Michigan.

Martin Crocker to Mary Crocker, 15 March 1918, Box FD, Folder 5, Boutell Mary Crocker Papers, collection UA 10.3.104, Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections, East Lansing, Michigan.

Emory Crocker to Mary Crocker, 6 July 1918, Box FD, Folder 4, Boutell Mary Crocker Papers, collection UA 10.3.104, Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections, East Lansing, Michigan.

Martin Crocker to Mary Crocker, 25 June 1918, Box FD, Folder 6, Boutell Mary Crocker Papers, collection UA 10.3.104, Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections, East Lansing, Michigan.

 Martin Crocker to Mary Crocker, 2 May 1918, Box FD, Folder 6, Boutell Mary Crocker Papers, collection UA 10.3.104, Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections, East Lansing, Michigan.

Martin Crocker to Mother, 12 May 1918, Box FD, Folder 6, Boutell Mary Crocker Papers, collection UA 10.3.104, Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections, East Lansing, Michigan.

 

Mary Crocker Scrapbook, n. d., Scrapbook #244, Boutell Mary Crocker, collection UA 10.3.104, Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections, East Lansing, Michigan.

1917 Wolverine, Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections, East Lansing, Michigan.





Rising to the Challenge: M. A. C. and Food Rationing During World War I

12 03 2018

Potato Crop Photo

There seems to be nothing more patriotic than sacrifice, especially when your country needs you. The sacrifice that most people think of are the lives of the servicemen and women who choose to fight for their country, but what about the sacrifices made at home? How do the people who stay home contribute to the war effort? By rationing food, particularly wheat and sugar. Food rationing is a common enough practice during war, and Michigan Agricultural College was no different during World War I.

“War bread” was the name for the replacement of wheat bread. In an effort to spread the idea of rationing, the M.A.C. women “placed in the corridor of the library building a table on which folders, circulars and literature on food conservation subjects, including recipes for war bread” were made available to the general public. Wheat was supplemented with other ingredients such as “barley, corn flour, cornmeal, bran flour, oat flour, rolled oats, boiled rice, rice flour, buckwheat” and even potatoes. While we are not at war ourselves, there is a familiarity in the dietary habits of the war restricted people of the past and our diet obsessed modern day culture. Some of these ingredients are still in use for gluten-free products.

Flour Ration Poster

 

The home economics course also stressed the need to cut back on wheat flour in their August 1918 edition of the extension course notes. In the introduction of the section titled “Breads for War Time,” it is stated that “…Allied countries have agreed that their wheat bread shall contain 20 per cent [sic] of other grains than wheat….no patriotic American housewife will use less than that amount until the necessity of helping our allies and those others dependent on us for food is passed.” It is made perfectly clear that this was not a request or a guideline. Not only is the standard clearly set on how much wheat was to be used, but a disregard for said standard would call into question the loyalty of the woman who dared to bake bread with more than 20% wheat flour.

Sugar had similar standards to bread, although some of the substitution options would have been more palatable than the bread options. Once again, it is the home economics course notes was the source providing alternative options when rationing sugar in cooking. Foods such as cereal, cakes and desserts were the main focuses in decreasing sugar, and many of the suggestions for substitution would have been dried fruits, corn syrup, or leaving out sugar altogether if possible: “Eat fruits for the fruit flavor–they contain their own sugar….Use plain cakes….Use corn syrup, cane syrup…apple or other fruit syrups, molasses, honey, jelly or jam made from syrup, in place of sugar.” There are also several alternative recipes listed to help students cope with the new war time diet they were facing. One such recipe was for apple pie. The ingredients listed were “2 C sliced apples/ ½ C corn syrup/ 1 T corn starch [sic]/ ½ t cinnamon,” and the directions were as minimal as the ingredients used: “Arrange apples in tin lined with plain pastry.  Combine corn syrup, corn starch and cinnamon and pour over the apples.” The replacement ingredient for sugar would have been the corn syrup, which would have allowed for meals to continue on with as few changes as possible.

Even traditional social events were subject to substituting their food. Every year, there was a barbecue held in front of Wells Hall. However, there had recently been a campus wide event to raise money for Liberty Bonds, so “ after…feeling a wee bit poverty stricken…the class of 1920 decided that it would be more in keeping with the wishes of Mr. Hoover to have a barbecue without the roast ox. As a substitute…was that stable luncheon delicacy, the Club C doughnut.” It was noted that the change in protein choice “was purely a wartime function,” so this wouldn’t be a new tradition, but rather, a show of support for the country and soldiers at war.

It was apparent that everyone was doing their part to ration what they could on campus, from student events to the departments to the students themselves. While it is apparent that most of the substitutes were meant to keep life going as similarly to before the war as possible, the differences are still there. Therefore, the resolve to help with the war from student and faculty alike is impressive, and the act of sacrificing such staples from a diet such as wheat, sugar and meat shows a commitment that is to be admired.

By Catharine Neely

“M. A. C. Women Push Food Campaign.” MAC Record, 9 Nov. 1917, vol. 23, no. 8.

“Breads for War Time,” Cooperative Extension Course Notes in Serial 00035, folder 35.

“How Can I Use Less Sugar?” Cooperative Extension Course Notes in Serial 00035, folder 35.

“How Can I Use Less Sugar?” Cooperative Extension Course Notes in Serial 00035, folder 35.

“Meatless Barbecue Big Success.” MAC Record, 9 Nov. 1917, vol. 23, no. 8.





Collections Spotlight: Nepal Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science Project

9 03 2018

Did you know MSU participated in an international program in Nepal?  Archivists recently added materials into the Nepal Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science Project records, and now the collection is complete.

A006560

The Dean of the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS) in Nepal and the Director of the Midwest University Consortium for International Activities (MUCIA) project look at a globe, 1978 (A006560)

During the Nepal project, MSU collaborated with the U.S. Agency for International Development and the Midwest University Consortium for International Activities (MUCIA) to assist Tribhuvan University in the development of the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS) in Rampur, Nepal.  Nepal needed IAAS to train people for Nepal’s agricultural sector.  MSU contributed to the project from 1975 to September 1984.  Faculty from MSU and other institutions traveled to Nepal provide technical assistance, assist with curriculum and program development, help with research and setting up research facilities, and to advise on administration of the institute.  In addition, students from Nepal came to the United States for education and then took their expertise back to Nepal.

pictures and program booklet

Cover of the “Pictures and Programme” booklet, Tribhuvan University, June 29, 1982

The eight boxes of Nepal project records in the University Archives contain progress, end of tour and final project reports, administration and financial records, inventories, and information about MSU and local employees.  There is also information about the agricultural research projects undertaken during the project.  The majority of the records are in English.

Soybean report

Cover of the Soybean Research Report

This collection is one of many related to MSU’s involvement in international projects.  Others include the Vietnam Project (http://archives.msu.edu/findaid/ua2-9-5-5.html), University of the Ryukyus in Japan (http://archives.msu.edu/findaid/ua2-9-5-16.html), University of Nigeria (http://archives.msu.edu/findaid/ua2-9-5-4.html), Pakistan Academies (http://archives.msu.edu/findaid/ua2-9-5-12.html), and the Brazil Project (http://archives.msu.edu/findaid/ua2-9-5-11.html).

Written by Sarah Roberts, acquisitions archivist

Sources:

Nepal Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science Project records (http://archives.msu.edu/findaid/ua2-9-5-25.html)

Horn, Nancy E., A Project History of Michigan State University’s Participation in International Development 1951-1985, College of Education Records (UA 15.7), June 1985, pages 162-163





Road Construction to Affect the Archives

2 03 2018

Beginning March 5 and ending around November 15, 2018, the MSU Archives will be affected by road construction that will take place on Wilson and Fee Road. The plan is for the roads and the parking lots to switch places, so the parking lots are closer to the buildings. That way, people will not have to cross the busy streets to get to the campus buildings. This construction will greatly affect the Archives and Fee Hall, since Wilson and Fee Roads will be closed. The Archives has been assured that there will be parking spots available, but getting to those spots might be difficult in the upcoming weeks.

If you are planning on visiting the Archives anytime this year, it would be best to look at the MSU Infrastructure Planning and Facilities Construction website, construction.msu.edu, for the most up-to-date information and detour maps before arriving. If you need further clarification, you can contact the Archives at 517-355-2330 or archives@msu.edu and we will do our best to direct you to the nearest available parking.

To learn more about the Wilson Road Extension Project, visit http://ipf.msu.edu/construction/projects/wilson-extension.html and check out the flyer that details the different phases of the project, http://ipf.msu.edu/_files/pdfs/wilson-road-flyer-021318.pdf.

We are sorry for the inconvenience this will cause.

A001432

Men surround a tractor to begin construction. On the back: “excavation, research greenhouses on Farm Lane c. 1949.” (A001432)





In Memoriam: M. Cecil Mackey (1929-2018)

14 02 2018

MSU President Emeritus M. Cecil Mackey passed away on February 8, 2018 at the age of 89.  Mackey served as president of MSU from 1979 to 1985.

A005734

MSU President Cecil Mackey holding a Spartan S flag in September 1979.  Photo source: UA 8.1.1, Box 2712, Folder 6 (A005734)

Maurice Cecil Mackey was born January 23, 1929 in Montgomery, Alabama.  In 1949, he received his B.A. in economics from the University of Alabama and went on to receive an M.A. in economics in 1953.  In that same year, he married Clare Siewert.  In 1955, he received his Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Illinois, where he focused on economic theory, the history of economic thought, and the relationship of government to business and finance.

In 1956, Mackey was on active duty at the U.S. Air Force Academy in Denver. He served as an associate professor of economics and worked on the economics curriculum.  In 1957, he was a lecturer of business law at the University of Alabama.  A year later, he received his bachelor of laws degree from the University of Alabama.  In 1958, Mackey was admitted to the State Bar of Alabama and began studying law at the graduate level at Harvard University.  From 1959 to 1962, he was an assistant law professor at University of Alabama.

In 1962, Mackey became Assistant Counsel for the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Antitrust and Monopoly.  In 1963, he became the director of the Office of Policy and Development for the Federal Aviation Agency.  There he was in charge of long-range planning and economic research.  In 1965, he became the director of the Office of Transportation Policy for the U.S. Department of Commerce and developed programs and policies for transportation systems.

Mackey became Assistant Secretary for Policy and Development for the Department of Transportation in 1967.  He planned policies, programs as well as worked on regulation.  In 1969, Mackey was a visiting professor at the University of Maryland College of Business and Public Administration.  He then went on to become a Professor of Law at Florida State University from 1969 to 1971.  From 1971 to 1976, he served as the President of the University of South Florida.  In 1976, he became President of Texas Tech University as well as a Professor of Law.

A005730

President Cecil Mackey sitting at the boardroom table in the Hannah Administration Building. Photo source: UA 8.1.1, Box 2712, Folder 8.

On August 3, 1979, Mackey was inaugurated as President of Michigan State University.  He served as President until 1985.  After serving as president, Mackey continued to teach economics at MSU.

Rest in Peace President Mackey.

Information about memorial services and giving can be found on the MSU Today website: http://msutoday.msu.edu/news/2018/maurice-cecil-mackey-jr-msus-16th-president-dies/

 





Announcement from the Michigan Archival Association: 2018 Marilyn McNitt Memorial Scholarship

5 02 2018

The Marilyn McNitt Memorial Scholarship funds a student to attend the 2018 Michigan Archival Association Annual Meeting to be held in Bay City, Michigan, June 14-15, 2018. The scholarship covers lodging for two nights and conference registration. The recipient will also receive a $250 stipend for travel costs and a one-year membership to MAA. In addition, the scholarship winner will be invited to write an article for the MAA newsletter, Open Entry, about the conference experience.

The scholarship is open to graduate students in an archival science program or related field. To apply, please submit a completed application form (MS Word .docx format) and application statement to Brian Wilson at brianw@thehenryford.orgThe deadline for applications is April 1, 2018.

Marilyn McNitt was an archivist at the University of Michigan’s Bentley Historical Library for twenty-five years. Her commitment to researchers and students was an inspiration to fellow MAA members. The scholarship honors her years of dedication and service to MAA.