Residence Hall Namesakes: Brody Neighborhood

11 02 2015

Brody Neighborhood

Brody Hall Cafeteria, 1954

Brody Hall Cafeteria, 1954

W. G. Armstrong Hall

Construction on Brody Complex, 1955

Construction on Brody Complex, 1955

W. G. Armstrong was an alumnus of Michigan State.  As many Spartans (once “Aggies” for Agriculture College), Armstrong was a farmer in his lifetime. After graduation, Armstrong continued his involvement with the college and became a member of the Board of Trustees. Armstrong Hall opened in 1956, along with two other Brody residence halls, Bailey and Emmons.

 

Liberty Hyde Bailey Hall

College Speculum Staff, Bailey seated second from left

College Speculum Staff, Bailey seated second from left

Liberty Hyde Bailey had his start as a Michigan State student in the Class of 1882. During that time, he founded and edited the Speculum, a student paper. Bailey studied with Dr. William Beal before becoming a professor himself. It is said that Bailey’s courses were so good that students were bringing their own seats to ensure they could attend his lectures. Bailey wrote more than 60 books and numerous articles, which became the backbone of horticulture literature. He was also known as the world’s “plant hunter.” Bailey was a man of science yet did not believe in Darwin’s theory of evolution, but rather took to the Bible’s origin of man. His name was a family name passed down by his abolitionist grandparents who used Liberty as a way to signify all deserved to be free.  Designed by Ralph Calder, Bailey Hall opened in 1955.

 

Claude S. Bryan Hall

Building Supervisor at Bryan Hall buffing the floor, 1957

Building Supervisor at Bryan Hall buffing the floor, 1957

Claude S. Bryan was Dean of Veterinary Medicine beginning in the late 1940’s. After he took the position, Bryan requested a change in facilities, class size, and pre-course work for veterinary students. Bryan’s efforts helped to create the Veterinary Medical Center on campus. Bryan Hall opened originally as an all male residence hall in 1954.

 

Kenyon L. Butterfield Hall

Butterfield Hall (Brody Complex), circa 1955

Butterfield Hall (Brody Complex), circa 1955

Kenyon L. Butterfield was a native Michigander from Lapeer. Butterfield graduated from Michigan State in 1891. After graduation, Butterfield held many positions in the area before returning to school to receive his Masters from the University of Michigan. Butterfield held presidency positions at two other colleges before resigning to return as president of Michigan State (1924-1928). Though a conflict over appointing two friends to executive positions at the college caused him to step down from presidency at Michigan State, Butterfield’s career included much more than his education positions and he held many international positions throughout his lifetime. Butterfield Hall first opened in 1954.

 

Lloyd C. Emmons Hall

An aerial view of Brody Complex, 1958

An aerial view of Brody Complex, 1958

Lloyd C. Emmons made many strides as a faculty at Michigan State. As Dean of the School of Science and Arts, also referred to as Liberal Arts, Emmons made many changes to programs and expectations within the school. While Dean, the a program for nursing was established in his school in 1950. Dean Emmons continued to teach for some time even while holding his position as a dean. Emmons was a professor of calculus. Dean Emmons also pushed for teacher preparation during his time at the college.  Emmons Hall first opened in 1955.

 

Howard C. Rather Hall

A view of Rather Hall, 1959

A view of Rather Hall, 1959

Howard C. Rather was a graduate of Michigan State. Part of the Class of 1917, Rather received a Bachelor of Science. Following his graduation, Rather joined the United States Army, and received an honorable discharge. After the war, Rather returned to Michigan State as a member of the faculty and eventually became a professor of Farm Crops. Rather also became the Dean of the Basic College during his career at Michigan Agricultural College (now MSU).  Rather Hall first opened in 1954, and its irregular plan is the reverse of Bailey Hall’s.

Written by Laura Williams





Scrapbook History: Leon L. Budd

21 01 2015

The Michigan State University Archives hold materials that are decades and even hundreds of years old. Recently, pulled from the shelf was a scrapbook from a student that graduated from this university in 1915, exactly one hundred years ago.

Scrapbook #320 UA 10.3.124

Scrapbook #320 UA 10.3.124

Leon L. Budd’s memory book has specific pages for events to record throughout his college career. He records the scores of various sporting games and writes “Yell – Rah! Rah! Rah! Uzz! Uzz! Uzz! M-A-C!”. There is even a section for interactions with professors, where Budd notes that one of the most valuable lessons he learned was to “study chemistry”.

Scrapbook #320 UA 10.3.124

Scrapbook #320 UA 10.3.124

The next section lists his dear friends, along with their happiest memories at Michigan Agricultural College. “It’s never late till 12 pm and it’s early after that” wrote John S. Hancock of Hart, Michigan. Budd’s friends proved to have some fun with the advice “If you can’t be good be careful”. A couple students bonded over their hall placement with the saying “To Hell with Wells and Abbot its Williams Hall for us” and the rivalry continued “To H—L with Williams – Wells is The Gentlemen’s Dorm”.
The happy thoughts did not disappoint, below are a few favorites:
“Of what shall man be proud of if he is not proud of his friends”
“MAC did it”
“RAH! RAH! For M.S.C.”
“Eat, drink, and be merry”
And of courses they remind us that Michigan’s cold hit this generation as well; “It’s so cold in here that the thermometer is froze”

The chants and songs during the football games shows just how much tension there was (and continues to be) between State and Michigan. Here are just a few of the “College Yells”:

We’ll rub it into Michigan, Michigan, Michigan;
Rub it into Michigan, M.A.C. can.
On to old Michigan.
Rub it into Michigan, M.A.C. can.

Hi-le, hi-lo, hilo,
Michigan’ chances grow slimmer and slimmer
Hi-le, hi-lo, hilo
Michigan’s chances must go.

Scrapbook #320 UA 10.3.124

Scrapbook #320 UA 10.3.124

School dances were also recorded, with marks next to the name of the dances done at a party. Budd attended quite a few dance parties during his time at Michigan State.

Scrapbook #320 UA 10.3.124

Scrapbook #320 UA 10.3.124

Mr. Budd also has some memorabilia from days as an engineering student. One poster depicts a skeleton at a desk with an open book to “MAC valves”. The bottom of the poster reads “=Ye=Faithful=Engineer=”.

Scrapbook #320 UA 10.3.124

Scrapbook #320 UA 10.3.124

The following pages are filled with pictures from Leon Budd’s time at MSC. They include the “Fresh-Soph Rush. 1912. ’16 vs ‘15”, places on campus, his friends, his love interest, and himself. Following those are pages of classic scrapbook findings, the football program, class schedules, and newspaper clippings from the games.

Scrapbook #320 UA 10.3.124

Scrapbook #320 UA 10.3.124

We really get a glimpse into life at Michigan State during Leon Budd’s time here. The buildings have changed, the style is different, and the course options have diversified, but the smiles and comradely seen between Budd and his classmates seem to be an everlasting effect of time at Michigan State.

Scrapbook #320 UA 10.3.124

Scrapbook #320 UA 10.3.124

Scrapbook #320 UA 10.3.124

Scrapbook #320 UA 10.3.124

Scrapbook #320 – UA 10.3.124

Written by Laura Williams





1989 Hannah Administration Building Occupation

19 09 2014

Michigan State University prided itself for what President John Hannah called an “assault on inequality”. Though, by 1989, racial equality on college campuses was the goal, it was not in fact a reality. Fueled by tensions rising across the nation, and sparked by anonymous phone calls of racial slurs and threats, as well as racism from the police and in the classroom and newspaper, MSU found itself with a student body formed to make significant progress for racial equality. In May of 1989, a group of 200 Michigan State minority students staged a sit-in on the first floor of the Hannah Administration building. For eight days, the students blocked the doorway and crowded the hallway, costing the university a good deal of money as many financial matters were handled in the Administration building.

The events that led up to the sit-in indeed called for action. In February 1989, ASMSU was charged with discrimination during the selection process of its leaders. That same month, the State News published a personal opinion piece by a student who claimed white supremacy was on the rise due to the increase of racial discrimination claims. In April, a MSU Professor wrote in his State News column that minority student enrollment in his courses were low because his material was “too tough” for them (State News). The Black Student Alliance spokesperson and a sit-in leader, Darius Peyton, claimed that the administration had not done nearly enough in response to the obvious racial tensions and discrimination that had built up on campus.

The black students on campus formed a set of demands to be met by Michigan State’s administration, and staged the sit-in to see those demands dealt with immediately, as they had seen previous promises drawn out for too long. Some of the demands included “regular forums on racism” and awareness events, an increase in “black faculty, staff and administrators by specific dates”, reevaluation of current anti-discrimination procedures, more courses in black studies and scholarship for black students, and the observance of MLK day (to include the excuse of students from class).

Female student styles hair of another student during the 1989 Hannah Building occupation

Female student styles hair of another student during the 1989 Hannah Building occupation

The sit-in lasted for eight days, when it concluded after a very extensive negotiation period between the student representatives and President DiBiaggio. The President agreed to meet all thirty-six of the formal demands of the students, which ended the sit-in.

Not all Michigan State students agreed on the necessity or the success of the sit-in. A majority student group called No Equality Through Inequality (NETI) fought against those who partook in the sit-in. Their group called for the protestors to evacuate the administration building. Even more notable was their request to have a majority student representative present when the minority policy was to be created.

The fight did not end there. Following the sit-in, different discussions, newspaper responses, and follow-up protest occurred. At the end of May, a panel of students that participated in the sit-in led a discussion, along with a question and answer period, which addressed the event. Most of the crowd was black, but a few white students were present. One white student questioned the intentions of the protestors. The response summed up the need for such a protest; minority students simply needed to demand to be treated the same as majority students and that they wanted nothing more than what majority students already had (State News, “Students learn from sit-in”). Though the administration agreed to the demands and many demands had been met, in September of 1989, the student body once again felt that the slow pace was unacceptable and together 400 black students protested with a walk down Shaw Lane. Their persistence encouraged other minority groups to also confront the administration on accounts they had witnessed of discrimination. Though the MSU spokesperson told the Detroit Free Press in October 1989 that she was frustrated with the disapproval, the administration would continue to work with the students to ensure results. The feeling overall left students proud of the accomplishments of the sit-in and felt that their commitment would show results for themselves as well as future MSU students.

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Sources – (The State News 05-09/1989, The Detroit Free Press 05-10/1989)

Written by Laura Williams





Pioneers of International Education: Onn Mann Liang

26 03 2013
Image

Onn Mann Liang can be seen here in 1926, in his graduation cap and gown.

International students have been studying at Michigan State University for over 140 years, which the Archives’ new exhibit – International Students at Michigan State – outlines over here.  Recently, the scrapbooks and work documentation of one such student, Onn Mann Liang, have been uploaded to our On the Banks of the Red Cedar website almost in their entirety.  These donated materials provide the story of Liang’s life, mainly in pictures and a few brief correspondences, from late high school until the year before his death in 1957.

Image

Being an Engineering major, Liang seemed to have a fascination with bridges. This image is one of many he took of various bridges while in the US, and it shows him on campus standing on a small wooden structure.

Liang was one of a

group of twenty international students who studied at MSU in the 1920s, and he can even be seen in the first photo of the International Students exhibit with the International Studies group known as the Cosmopolitan Club (back row, third from the right).   His scrapbooks from the time he spent at MSU reveal how immersed he was in the campus lifestyle.  His photographs include images of himself and others canoeing and walking alongside the Red Cedar River or alternatively around the major sights of campus, such as Beaumont Tower or the Greenhouses; the pictures also reflect his interest in bridge engineering – multiple artistic shots of various bridges around MSU have been included.  These campus pictures are

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Liang was a prolific photographer, especially of MSU’s campus. This particular image appears to be on a bank of the Red Cedar River.

inter-mixed with oddly familiar and nostalgic college scenes of Liang looking perturbed at large drafting desks, reclining on lawn chairs, exploring nearby cities like Ann Arbor, and

finally posing in his long-awaited cap and gown.  While he was still attending school, Liang was known for the quality of his photographs (even winning a few awards), and his shots were good enough to open a photography studio in Lansing.

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Liang took this picture while in Chicago in 1928. The La Salle Street bridge is foremost in this image, but another two can be seen in the background.

After completing his undergraduate studies in 1926, Liang spent the next six years in the US travelling to various cities while also working for the Michigan State Highway Department.  Scrapbook images of Chicago show such famous buildings as the Tribune Tower as well as the La Salle Street Bridge – which was built and completed throughout the year of 1928, and, as a bridge enthusiast, could very well have been the reason for Liang’s visit to the city.   Within the next two years his travels also brought him to Buffalo, before he came back to Michigan and began working full time with the Highway Department.  Some of Liang’s final photographs include him among coworkers at the Department, prior to his return to China in 1932.

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This image shows Onn Mann Liang and his wife on their wedding day in 1936.

Wedding photographs from 1936 and registration documents as a Civil Engineer show Liang’s quick integration back into Chinese life.  Employment papers from the same period reveal Liang’s work as a primary engineer of dyke and bridge plans throughout his native country, which, just as with his time spent at the Michigan State Highway Department, was a direct application of the education he received from MSU.  After processing the Liang scrapbooks, it becomes apparent that he carried that education with him, even up to the last years of his life.  The final image of the Liang scrapbook shows him on a return trip to San Francisco alongside his wife and son – with the Golden Gate Bridge receding behind.





Built For Students, By Students: History of the MSU Union

9 05 2011

The end of finals breathed back life onto MSU’s campus. Last week seniors were walking around in their caps and gowns, lawns were filled with celebrating students, cars bustled through streets attempting to find a parking spot, moms and dads were helping with move out, and Grand River once again had people walking its sidewalks. The earlier part of last week however was polar opposite. Few students were in sight as we crammed and studied for the ever so dreaded finals week. Most of campus was barren, however there were two buildings that were full of commotion. The MSU Union and Library seemed to be the go-to spots for studying. As I walked into the Union to grab a cup of coffee (one of many may I add), I remembered looking at many photos here in the Archives of the building in its earlier days. When I came in and was ready to research for a blog entry, my decision on what to write about was quite simple…

The creation of Union buildings on campuses around the US was an up-and-coming trend at the turn of the century. The Michigan Agricultural College wanted a Union of their own and began a committee to be in charge of overseeing the project in 1905. Funds however were scarce so only the architectural drawings and alumni support occurred at this time. It was not until 1915 when the idea of building a MAC Union was revived. The graduating class pledged $5 from each student and with the help of the Alumni Association began the plans to construct an MAC Union. The original plan was to convert College Hall into a union building. This plan was approved and as the interior of College Hall was being revamped in August of 191, the building collapsed.

The Committee yet again began raising funds to create a brand new building to act as a union but also to serve as a memorial to the soldiers who fought in World War I. The projected budget for the project was about $500,000. Pond & Pond Architects, who also planned the unions of University of Michigan and Purdue, were hired to design the new building.  The Groundbreaking ceremony took place on November 19, 1923 and was followed by what was called “Excavation Week”.

“Excavation Week” for the MAC Union was one that will forever be remembered as it was the first of its kind in the nation. Lasting five days from November 19-24, the media covered the event. Movies were taken primarily so the students can see what they looked like and the event yielded great progress.  Male students were divided up into a total of 30 teams. The names of the students were listed in The Holcad newspaper and students were instructed to look there for the day and time of their shifts. Each shift would have a leader; the leaders included: W.C. Johnson, Don Clark, Matrice Taylor, A.C. MacIntyre, Harold Archibold, Elmer Perrine, Bub Kuhn, Ted Frank, J.L. Kidman, and Dutch Allen. The morning shift would work from 8am-12am and then break for lunch. The afternoon shift came in at 1pm and worked until 5pm. Students were required to work four hours before they were excused for the day. Excavation week was very labor intensive but also had its fun activities as well. There were daily appearances by the Swartz Creek and Varsity bands, the girls would bring out refreshments, and the campus faculty would also engage in the digging activities. Competitions were also set up. Each day there were two teams and the team who accomplished the most work at the end of the day would win a prize. There was also a thermometer gauge kept on the site to keep track of the overall progress.

As a result of a lot of hard work and sweat, the MAC Memorial Union building was opened on June 12, 1925. At the time of its opening the Union was quite different than it is today. The main entrance was off of faculty row (currently West Circle Drive), there were 11 dining rooms (some were available to both men and women, and some available only to men), 10 conference rooms, a 2-story assembly hall, separate lounging rooms for men and women, a barber shop, a beauty parlor, a Billiards room (for men only, of course), and a total of 16 guest rooms each with its own bathroom.  The building was the center of life on campus. Constantly full, men and women would mingle, people would enjoy a nice lunch, and guests were able to stay overnight so they could experience college life with their friends. Over the years, the Union has undergone many changes and renovations to be what it is today.

Since its opening nearly 86 years ago, the MSU Union has seen a lot of events, traditions, and changes. Here are a few interesting facts that you might not have known about the Union:

  • Leonard Jungwirth, the same artist who sculpted Sparty, sculpted the artistry around the fireplaces at the first floor lounge
  • Samuel Cashwan, the same artist who sculpted the agricultural sign at the Abbot and Grand River intersection, sculptured the outside decoration above each of the doors at the Union.
  • On May 15, 1952, General Douglas MacArthur and his wife were in attendance at a banquet being held at the Union in which he was an honorary guest. For privacy purposes, the General and his family took a service elevator. The elevator ended up getting stuck and the MacArthurs were trapped inside for nearly 25 min. Upon exiting the general was absolutely furious…this event however didn’t deter him from coming back to our campus, for in 1961 he returned to deliver the commencement address (although I’m willing to bet that he did not step foot in the Union elevators!)
  • Do you know of those tables in the Union Grill area that have all of the etchings in them? – Do you know where they came from or whose names they are? In the 1950s-’60s, there was a “Senior Room” located by the Union Grill. This was a dining room designated specifically for seniors. These wooden top tables were located in this eatery and when the seniors graduated, they would etch their names into the tables.
  • Card playing has always been a favorite pastime of students. In the late ’50s, the administration believed that the frequent card playing going on in the Union Grill was a bad reflection of campus. They believed that students were supposed to be pursuing intellectual past times instead of playing cards all day. So in 1960, card playing was officially banned from the Grill. Instead of playing here, card rooms were opened on the 4th and ground floors for students to play the decks.
  • At one point in time, the Union had pinball machines! In 1971 the Union management agreed to install Pinball Machines in the Billiard Room. However, these were taken out when the room underwent renovations.
  • Often times when students are hungry and looking to grab a quick bite, they will head over to the Union Grill to grab some grub. Did you know that in the early 1930s hamburgers were only 30¢! In a 1968 publication, students were complaining that price skyrocketed to 40¢! Oh what I would give to only pay thirty or forty cents for a burger.

So, after reading this, I encourage you to go explore the Union and think about what it was like almost 50 years ago. I know I would give anything to go back in time and have an ice cold Coke at the Union Grill!

**For more pictures visit the MSU Archives & Historical Collections Flickr Page — MSU Union pictures!**